Promo Indonesia save forrest – Destruction of forests (deforestation) remains a threat in Indonesia. According to data rates of deforestation (deforestation) in the period 2003-2006 issued by the Ministry of Forestry, the rate of deforestation in Indonesia reached 1.17 million hectares per year.
Even if you view the data issued by the State of the World’s Forests 2007 released The UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the rate of deforestation is Indonesia in the period 2000 to 2005 1.8 million hectares / year. The rate of deforestation in Indonesia is making the Guinness Book of The Record gave ‘honors’ for Indonesia as a country with the world’s fastest-damaged forests.
Promo Indonesia save forrest
Of the total forest area in Indonesia reached 180 million hectares, according to Minister of Forestry Zulkifli Hasan (Minister of Forestry, previously put the figure 135 million hectares) as much as 21 percent, equivalent to 26 million hectares have been looted total tree stands that do not have anymore. That is, 26 million hectares of forests in Indonesia have been destroyed.
In addition, 25 percent, equivalent to 48 million hectares of deforested and also in poor condition due to the former concession area (forest tenure). Of the total area in Indonesia htan only about 23 percent, equivalent to 43 million hectares are still free from the deforestation (deforestation) that are still awake and primary forests.
Causes of Deforestation. Rate of deforestation in Indonesia most of the activities contributed by the industry, especially the timber industry, which has been abused concessions granted leading to illegal logging. Deforestation in Indonesia reached 40 million cubic meters a year, while the rate of harvesting is sustainable (sustained) as recommended by the Ministry according to the World Bank is 22 million cubic meters a year.
The second largest cause of deforestation in Indonesia, contributed by the transfer functions of forests (forest conversion) to plantations. Conversion of forests into plantation areas (such as palm oil), has damaged more than 7 million ha of forest to the end of 1997.
Impact of Deforestation. Deforestation (forest damage) had a significant impact for the community and the natural environment in Indonesia. Logging lead to forest conversion to override environmental degradation which in turn increases the event of natural disasters such as landslides and flooding.
Other adverse effects due to the destruction of forests is threatened wildlife and flora in Indonesia mainly endemic flora and fauna. Endemic animals are increasingly threatened with extinction because of deforestation such as Java monkey (Trachypithecus auratus), and the peacock (Pavo muticus), Java gibbon (Hylobates moloch), leopard (Panthera pardus), Javan hawk-eagle (Spizaetus bartelsi), a silver forest pigeon (Columba argentina), and the Sumatran elephant (Elephant maximus sumatranus).